Nepal is one of the world’s leading trekking destinations. The capital of Nepal lies in a valley with numerous historical sites, ancient temples, shrines and fascinating villages.
In the north and east is a large part of the Himalayas, including Mount Everest, which at 8848 metres is the highest point on earth, and seven of the world’s ten highest mountains. The lowest point, on the other hand, is at 70 meters near Kencha Kalan in southern Nepal. Nevertheless, Nepal is the world’s highest country on average after Tibet, with over 40 % of the country being more than 3,000 metres above sea level.
Nepalese follow their own calendar system known as the Bikram Era or Bikram Sambat. New Year is called Nava Varsha in Nepalese and is observed as an official holiday. The day normally falls in the second week of April.