Nepal is one of the world’s leading trekking destinations. The capital of Nepal lies in a valley with numerous historical sites, ancient temples, shrines and fascinating villages.
In the north and east is a large part of the Himalayas, including Mount Everest, which at 8848 metres is the highest point on earth, and seven of the world’s ten highest mountains. The lowest point, on the other hand, is at 70 meters near Kencha Kalan in southern Nepal. Nevertheless, Nepal is the world’s highest country on average after Tibet, with over 40 % of the country being more than 3,000 metres above sea level.

Nepalese follow their own calendar system known as the Bikram Era or Bikram Sambat. New Year is called Nava Varsha in Nepalese and is observed as an official holiday. The day normally falls in the second week of April.

Culture and social life

Nepal is ethnically and culturally a mosaic of minorities. In a census in 2001, more than 100 different ethnic groups and castes were counted, as well as 124 different languages and dialects. Nepal’s ethnic mosaic consists mainly of Indo-American and Tibeto-Birman ethnic groups. According to the 2011 census, 81.34% of the population is Hindu. Nepal was the only country in which Hinduism was the state religion until the parliament declared its secularism after the King’s disenfranchisement in April 2006. 9.04% of the population are designated as Buddhists. Lumbini, situated on the border to India, is tradition has it that Buddha’s birthplace.
To date, Nepal’s population is largely rural and rural; the share of urban dwellers is still one of the smallest in the world, accounting for 15 % of the total population.


————————–Garden of Dreams—————————– Photo by: @coleebri #jai_nepal for photo feature.

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The Nepalese government is in the process of restructuring the education system. Access to primary (classes 1 to 8) and secondary schools (classes 9 to 12) is to be expanded and vocational preparation qualification measures introduced in the upper classes. These measures will be supported by an EU cooperation programme.


In a census in 2001, more than 124 different languages and dialects were counted (most of which are threatened with extinction).


Dal is a soup consisting of lentils and spices. This is served with cooked cereals, bhat-normally rice, but sometimes other cereals with vegetable curry, tarkari, too. The side dishes include small amounts of extremely hot chutneys. Some dishes have Tibetan, Indian and Thai roots. Through contact with Europeans, Nepalese cuisine was enriched by bread, cheese, pâté and ice cream. Restaurants that offer dishes such as pizza and were originally designed to cater for tourists are now enjoying increasing popularity among locals.

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